Free Preschool Art Activity – BioColor Open-Ended Art
A series of early childhood art projects brought to you by Discount School Supply. Discount School Supply offers the lowest prices, guaranteed, on quality products and supplies for early childhood educators, caregivers and parents of young children. Select from Arts & Crafts, Active Play, Curriculum Resources, Dramatic Play, Manipulatives, Learning Center Equipment & Furniture. Visit us on the web at www.DiscountSchoolSupply.com/YT or call 1-800-627-2829 for a catalog filled with 1000’s of other unique products and projects.
Duration : 0:2:47
Stages of Artistic Development in Preschoolers and Toddlers
By Maegan Wong
Art is an important aspect of learning in early childhood education and must be carefully designed to enhance their artistic development and nurture an appreciation for beauty in their world. Art enriches the lives of all preschoolers and toddlers as it provides experiences for them in finding meaning about themselves and the world around them.
“From the moment the child discovers what it looks like and feels like to put lines down on paper, he has found something he will never lose, he has found art” – R. Kellogg 1969.
Rhoda Kellogg has studied 100,000 young children’s drawings drawn with pencil, pen, crayon or brush and this extensive study has helped significantly in our understanding of children’s artistic development. She was particularly interested in the scribbles of young children and she discovered that children progress from making scribbles to drawing pictures by using a built-in, spontaneous method of self-teaching and would continue until the children were 5 years old and only in the later stages of development that children’s artwork can be coached and guided by an adult.
Kellogg also identified various symbols that have been drawn by children across various cultures. The mandala design which is a simple circle or square divided by intersecting lines is produced by children in different parts of the world. Kellogg also discovered that preschoolers and toddlers unlike older children are not concerned about their art pieces looking nice or resembling real things but they move their hands to express a feeling that comes from within them and are delighted in the movement and scribbles they produce. With this knowledge in mind, it is important not to force them to look at physical objects and try to copy it but allow them to experiment, create in their own unique way thus providing them an opportunity to express their own ideas and feelings.
The artistic developmental stages are the scribble stage, basic form stage and the pictorial stage. Although there is a predictable pattern to their development, preschoolers and toddlers move through the levels in different ways and at their own pace. These stages can assist parents or teachers as they work with young children and provide guidelines for planning for a specific group of children.
Kellogg’s developmental stages
1. Scribble stage
These are the earliest drawings of young children. They are simple and random markings, made for the pleasure of drawing scribbles. During this stage, the young children have no concern in trying to draw to represent anything but rather are enjoying the process of making scribbles on the paper.
2. Basic form stage
Children begin to draw simple lines and shapes. Kellogg identified several universal symbols that children use around the world. These include the mandala, sun, ladders, spirals, wavy lines and rainbows. These symbols were being used to communicate and were the beginnings of writing. Children in this stage continue to draw for pleasure.
3. Pictorial stage
During this stage, children use the shapes from stage 2 to draw symbolic representations of real people and things such as houses, tress and windows. They begin to identify their drawings, tell related stories and expand their drawings to include new meanings and understanding.
Positive and appropriate nurture of preschoolers and toddlers beginning artistic efforts can provide a strong foundation for later development and enjoyment of artistic experiences.
Click the website below to claim your FREE E-Book on “How to Train Your Child to Think Like a Genius by putting 10 essential thinking skills into fun action”. Consider downloading their “Mind Power Series” for a 56-day trial, their most innovative e-book with more than 360 fun, creative and mind boosting activities for child development and tips on how to tap into children natural gifts and talents.
Click here to visit http://www.gamesforfunkids.com
A fun winter ‘Circle Time’ game: Pass the Ice Cube (or Snowball).
Have your group sit in a circle. Give each child a paper towel to dry their hands off as they play. Pass the ice cube or snowball around the circle allowing each child about 30 seconds to hold it.
Encourage the children to rub it on their arm or face or neck and experience how it feels.
(SENSORY: Cold, wet , slippery, etc….)
Ask children to use words to describe it.Is it big or small? What color is it? What is it made of?
(LANGUAGE and PRE-LITERACY)
As the ice cube or snowball melts and gets smaller and smaller discuss what is happening and why. The temperature in the room and of their hands may have something to do with it?
When it has disappeared and is gone ask the questions: Who has the ice cube? Where did it go? How did it feel? How did it disappear?
You’ll surely think of more questions as the children do! Please share your results here!!!! The children will think it is magic! This game is great anytime of the year! Preschoolers may welcome the cool touch of ice in the hot summer months too!
ART FOR PRESCHOOLERS:
You can extend the ice theme by having the children paint with colored ice cubes that you have prepared ahead of time by using food coloring. A fun abc kids game would be to write letters and numbers with colored ice! This can lead into a lesson on color recognition and an art lesson on mixing colors. The older children will be able to grasp the concept of primary colors (red, blue and yellow) and secondary colors that are created by mixing two primary colors together (orange, green and purple).
RED + YELLOW = ORANGE
BLUE + YELLOW = GREEN
RED + BLUE = PURPLE
Rainy Day PreK !
So, although the child’s art looks like scribbles and splatters – much more paint or crayon is making it to the paper rather than on the child and table. The child is able to make some repetitive shapes like circles or ovals or a series of lines – still not very discernable but a definite improvement over last year’s skills (even just last season’s skills!) They will begin to show greater control over the markers, crayons or paint brushes which will reflect in the finished art work. Scribbling can be hard work too – strengthening the muscles in the hand as the child holds tightly while scribbling.
From birth to age three, a child’s physical control over the body improves greatly month by month. Each small skill and effort at coordination becomes more refined and fine tuned. And so will the results of his art activities. Between the age of two and three the child will begin to make the connection that pictures represent something that is in real life – this is called ‘representational thinking’. They may begin to name the shapes in the drawings. At this age, art activities for 2 year olds are all about exploring and manipulating the medium whether it is paints, pudding or peanut butter!
Sensory perception is the way toddlers and preschoolers learn about their world. It is through sight, sound, hearing and especially taste and touch that they can internalize and eventually understand what the world is made of. Adult supervision must be keen because this age group still experiments by touching, smelling and tasting objects so if the play-doh smells like cherries you can bet they may try to taste and eat it! Incorporating art activities for 2 year olds into your daily preschool curriculum will enhance their development and provide rich learning experiences.
Celebrate their success with praise, stickers and a special place to hang their masterpiece for all to see.
From Rainy Day PreK !